Endnotes

This is the complete list of updated endnotes and corrections for Building a Second Brain.

INTRODUCTION

Correction: The Zettelkasten was not coined or invented by German sociologist Niklas Luhmann. The earliest applications of a "slip box system" go back to Conrad Gessner in the 16th century and Thomas Harrison in the 17th century. Learn more about the history of the Zettelkasten here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zettelkasten

Correction: Digital gardens were not named by online creator Anne-Laure Le Cunff. The earliest concept of a digital garden stems from Mark Bernstein's essay Hypertext Gardens: Delightful Vistas in 1998 and was since mentioned by multiple online creators.

CHAPTER 1: WHERE IT ALL STARTED

1 Erik Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee, The Second Machine Age: Work, Progress, and Prosperity in a Time of Brilliant Technologies (New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2014), Amazon Kindle Location 1990 of 5689.

CHAPTER 2: WHAT IS A SECOND BRAIN?

1 Nick Bilton, “Part of the Daily American Diet, 34 Gigabytes of Data,” New York Times, December 9, 2009, https://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/10/technology /10data.html.

2 Daniel J. Levitin, “Hit the Reset Button in Your Brain,” New York Times, August 9, 2014, https://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/10/opinion/sunday/hit-the-reset-button-in-your-brain.html?smprod=nytcore-iphone&smid=nytcore-iphone-share

3 Microsoft, The Innovator’s Guide to Modern Note Taking: How businesses can harness the digital revolution, https://info.microsoft.com/rs/157-GQE-382/images /EN-US%2017034_MSFT_WWSurfaceModernNoteTaking_ebookRefresh _R2.pdf

4 IDC Corporate USA, The Knowledge Quotient: Unlocking the Hidden Value of Information Using Search and Content Analytics, http://pages.coveo.com/rs/coveo /images/IDC-Coveo-white-paper-248821.pdf.

5 Robert Darnton, The Case for Books: Past, Present, and Future (New York: PublicAffairs, 2009), 224.

6 Craig Mod, “Post-Artifact Books and Publishing,” craigmod.com, June 2011, https://craigmod.com/journal/post_artifact/.

7 Including innovators like Paul Otlet, Vannevar Bush, Doug Engelbart, Ted Nelson, and Alan Kay, among many others.

CHAPTER 3: HOW A SECOND BRAIN WORKS

1 Wikipedia, s.v., “Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid,” accessed October 13, 2021, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molecular_Structure_of_Nucleic_Acids:_A_Structure_for_Deoxyribose_Nucleic_Acid

2 Deborah Chambers and Daniel Reisberg, “Can mental images be ambiguous?,” Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 11, no. 3 (1985): 317–28, https://doi.org/10.1037/0096-1523.11.3.317.

3 Nancy C. Andreasen, “Secrets of the Creative Brain,” July/August 2014, https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2014/07/secrets-of-the-creative-brain /372299/.

4 Wikipedia, s.v., “Recency Bias,” accessed October 13, 2021, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Recency_bias

5 Robert J. Shiller, “What to Learn in College to Stay One Step Ahead of Computers,” New York Times, May 22, 2015, https://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/24/upshot/what-to-learn-in-college-to-stay-one-step-ahead-of-computers.html?smprod=nytcore-iphone&smid=nytcore-iphone-share

6 For a fascinating look into how persuasion and sales is becoming a fundamental part of almost everyone’s job, see Daniel Pink, To Sell Is Human: The Surprising Truth About Moving Others (New York: Penguin Group, 2012), 6.

7 Tim Ferriss, Tools of Titans: The Tactics, Routines, and Habits of Billionaires, Icons, and World-Class Performers (New York: HarperCollins, 2017), 421.

8 Each of these stories is real, but names have been changed to protect their anonymity.

9 Erwin Raphael McManus, The Artisan Soul: Crafting Your Life into a Work of Art (New York: HarperCollins, 2014), 171.

CHAPTER 4: CAPTURE—KEEP WHAT RESONATES

1 Wikipedia, s.v., “Taylor Swift,” accessed October 13, 2021, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taylor_Swift

2 Swiftstyles II, “Taylor Swift being a songwriting genius for 13 minutes,” July 27, 2020, YouTube video, 13:52, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bLHQatwwyWA

3 NME, “Taylor Swift—How I Wrote My Massive Hit ‘Blank Space,’ ” NME .com, October 9, 2015, YouTube video, 3:58, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8bYUDY4lmls

4 Gian-Carlo Rota, Indiscrete Thoughts (Boston: Birkhäuser Boston, 1997), 202.

5 James Gleick, Genius: The Life and Science of Richard Feynman (New York: Open Road Media, 2011), 226.

6 Raymond S. Nickerson, “Confirmation Bias: A Ubiquitous Phenomenon in Many Guises,” Review of General Psychology 2, no. 2 (June 1998): 175–220, https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1037/1089-2680.2.2.175

7 Marianne Freiberger, “Information is surprise,” Plus Magazine, March 24, 2015, https://plus.maths.org/content/information-surprise

8 Dacher Keltner and Paul Ekman, “The Science of ‘Inside Out,’” New York Times, July 3, 2015, https://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/05/opinion/sunday/the-science -of-inside-out.html

9 Stephen Wendel, Designing for Behavior Change: Applying Psychology and Behavioral Economics (Sebastopol, CA: O’Reilly Media, 2013).

10 Zachary A. Rosner et al., “The Generation Effect: Activating Broad Neural Circuits During Memory Encoding,” Cortex 49, no. 7 (July–August 2013), 1901– 1909, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2012.09.009

11 James W. Pennebaker, “Writing about Emotional Experiences as a Therapeutic Process,” Psychological Science 8, no. 3 (May 1997), 162–66.

CHAPTER 5: ORGANIZE—SAVE FOR ACTIONABILITY

1 Twyla Tharp, The Creative Habit: Learn It and Use It For Life (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2003), 80.

2 Joan Meyers-Levy and Rui Zhu, “The Influence of Ceiling Height: The Effect of Priming on the Type of Processing That People Use,” Journal of Consumer Research 34, no. 2 (2007): 174–86, https://doi.org/10.1086/519146

3 Adam Davidson, “What Hollywood Can Teach Us About the Future of Work,” New York Times Magazine, May 5, 2015.

New Citation: "The goal of organizing our knowledge is to move our goals forward, not get a PhD in notetaking."
Christina Luo, "Mindset Over Toolset in Building a Second Brain," Words and Wisps by Christina Luo (blog), October 30, 2020, https://christinaluo.substack.com/p/mindset-over-tool-set-in-building.

CHAPTER 6: DISTILL—FIND THE ESSENCE

1 “Inside Francis Ford Coppola’s Godfather Notebook”: https://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/general-news/inside-francis-ford-coppolas-godfather-notebook-never-before-seen-photos-handwritten-notes-9473-947312/

2 AFI’s 100 Years. . .100 Movies - 10th Anniversary Edition, Television Academy.

3 Francis Coppola’s Notebook, imdb.com, 2001, https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0881915/

4 Jess Wise, “How the Brain Stops Time,” Psychology Today, March 13, 2010, https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/extreme-fear/201003/how-the-brain-stops-time

5 Meghan Telpner, Academy of Culinary Nutrition, Academy of Culinary Nutrition (blog), https://www.culinarynutrition.com/blog/

6 Artyfactory. (n.d.). Animals in Art—Pablo Picasso. Animals in art - pablo picasso. Retrieved January 27, 2022, from https://www.artyfactory.com/art_appreciation/animals_in_art/pablo_picasso.htm

CHAPTER 7: EXPRESS—SHOW YOUR WORK

1 Octavia E. Butler, Bloodchild and Other Stories: Positive Obsession (New York: Seven Stories, 2005), 123–36.

2 Lynell George, A Handful of Earth, A Handful of Sky: The World of Octavia Butler (Santa Monica: Angel City Press, 2020).

3 Dan Sheehan, “Octavia Butler has finally made the New York Times Best Seller list,” LitHub.com, September 3, 2020, https://lithub.com/octavia-butler-has-finally-made-the-new-york-times-best-seller-list/

4 Butler’s archive has been available to researchers and scholars at the Huntington Library since 2010.

5 Deborah Barreau and Bonnie A. Nardi, “Finding and Reminding: File Organization from the Desktop,” ACM SIGCHI Bulletin 27, no. 3 (1995), 39–43, https://doi.org/10.1145/221296.221307. Joseph A. Maxwell, “Book Review: Bergman, M. M. (Ed.). (2008). Advances in Mixed Method Research. Thousand Oaks, Ca: Sage,” Journal of Mixed Methods Research 3, no. 4 (2009), 411–13, https://doi.org/10.1177/1558689809339316

6 William P. Jones and Susan T. Dumais, “The spatial metaphor for user interfaces: experimental tests of reference by location versus name,” ACM Digital Library 4, no. 1 (1986), https://doi.org/10.1145/5401.5405

7 Adam Savage, “Inside Adam Savage’s Cave: Model Making for Movies,” Adam Savage’s Tested, YouTube video, 20:26, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vKRG6amACEE

CHAPTER 8: THE ART OF CREATIVE EXECUTION

1 Danny Choo, “DIY: How to write a book,” boingboing, January 27, 2009, https://boingboing.net/2009/01/27/diy-how-to-write-a-b.html

New Citation: "If you stopped when you knew what would happen next, you can go on. As long as you can start, you are all right. The juice will come."
George Plimpton, "Ernest Hemingway, The Art of Fiction No. 21," The Paris Review, no. 18 (spring 1958), https://www.theparisreview.org/interviews/4825/the-art-of-fiction-no-21-ernest-hemingway.

New Citation: "He would always end a writing session only when he knew what came next in the story."
George Plimpton, "Ernest Hemingway, The Art of Fiction No. 21," The Paris Review, no. 18 (spring 1958), https://www.theparisreview.org/interviews/4825/the-art-of-fiction-no-21-ernest-hemingway.

CHAPTER 9: THE ESSENTIAL HABITS OF DIGITAL ORGANIZERS

1 Dan Charnas, Work Clean: The Life-Changing Power of Mise-en-Place to Organize Your Life, Work, and Mind (Emmaus, PA: Rodale Books, 2016).

CHAPTER 10: THE PATH OF SELF-EXPRESSION

1 Lynne Twist, The Soul of Money (New York City: W. W. Norton & Company, 2017), 43.

If you notice a mistake somewhere in the book – either in attributing an idea to the wrong person or not giving credit to someone where it is due – please email us at hello@fortelabs.com

Want to Continue Your Second Brain Journey?

Join our newsletter! Every Tuesday, I send over 70,000 subscribers new essays, videos, event invites, and other resources designed to level up your productivity and life.

100% free and 100% useful.